Tuesday, March 10, 2015

A famous Iranian poet

Saadi Shirazi
Saadi Shirazi
He was the most famous poet in Iran. He was also famous in western. His writings were more high qualityable and  depth for the moral and social thoughts.

In1210 , he was born in Iran. When he was a child his father was died. He was faced poverty and hardship during his youth life. For a better education, he left his native town and went to Bagdad. He took his
education from Nizamiyya university and studied about law, Islamic sciences, governance, Arabic literature, history and Islamic theology. He  was wander for thirty years and by Iran he was led to abroad. He was visited many countries such as Syria,Saadi egypt, Iraq, Jerusalem of Palestine, oman, Arabian peninsulia, Azarbaijan, Turky, Guzarat of India.

In 1257, his best work was completed named Bustan and in 1258 Gulestan.  Bustan is based on the subject of muslim’s justice, modesty, liberality, contentment etc. It reflectes the ecstatic practices. Gulestan is based on about the personal anecdotes and it is a prose . It is based on about the advice, aphorisms, demonstrating and human reflections and absurdity of human existence.
As a panegyrist and lyricist , he was well known to all. His work in Arabic also. Bani Adam is his best aphorisms of Gulestan.
Tomb of Saadi
Here is a part of his writings of Bony adam’s

بنى آدم اعضای یک پیکرند
که در آفرینش ز یک گوهرند
چو عضوى به درد آورد روزگار
دگر عضوها را نماند قرار
تو کز محنت دیگران بی غمی
نشاید که نامت نهند آدمی
It is translated by H. Vahid Dastijerdi
Adam's sons are body limbs, to say;
For they're created of the same clay.
Should one organ be troubled by pain,
Others would suffer severe strain.
Thou, careless of people's suffering,
Deserve not the name, "human being".
Legacy and poetic style
Saadi had the practical and spiritual aspects of life. He used the mundane word in his Bustan. It is based on nature and soothing.  He mundane and his writings are reflected the dexterity.

He was died in 1291.

4 comments:


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